Mrs. Linda Long
Rock Springs is located in Jackson Township, just east of Koleen, in a remote rural area of southeastern Greene County. It is positioned on the east side of paved County Road 320 South--just north of County Road 725 East, which is a dead end gravel road that extends about a mile from the springs.
This spring serves as the exit for the water from the American Bottom, which is located about ten miles north in Center Township. The water travels underground from the American Bottom and surfaces at the Rock Springs. The water as it comes out of rock is crystal clear and icy cold. To reach the spring area, which is only a few feet from the roadway, one must climb by foot up a steep embankment and then down a sharp decline.
The sandstone and limestone bluff, which is about 30-feet high and 70-feet wide, makes the area easy to identify. The top of the bluff is capped with trees and undergrowth. At the base of the bluff are several crevice-like caves from which the water trickles. Although several outlets have been formed at the base of the bluff, one main outlet handles the majority of the water. The pioneers named this place Rock Springs, based upon the fact that during the rainy season, water flowed from all the openings, given the appearance that the rock contain may springs.
From the openings in the bluff, the water meanders across small rocks into a sewer pipe that has been installed by the county highway to carry the water under the road. On the south side of the road, a small pool has formed from the water that collects before merging a few feet south with Plummer Creek, a small stream. Almost immediately this water runs across a natural bridge that has been graveled on County Road 320 South.
Undoubtedly the pioneers used this spring as a source of water for drinking and cooking. Even today a person may be seen dipping a cup into the cold, clear water to get a drink. However, this is not recommended in view of the run off from farm chemicals and other evidence of the area being polluted by visitors. In some places the bluff has been defaced with graffiti, but otherwise the scenery is still majestic and beautiful.
"Cemeteries," History of Greene County, Indiana: 1885-1989. Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company, 1990.
Personal interview with Carolyn Baker on Sunday, October 19, 1997, in Bloomfield, Indiana.
Personal interview with Mary Jenkins on Sunday, October 19, 1997, in Bloomfield, Indiana.